The Modern Greek Lanquaqe in Its
Relation to Ancient Greek
Par Edmund Martin
DIALECTS OF MODERN GREECE.
and Greek, the Greeks took along with them C, B and a, &c.,
the Latins b and d, &c., while many sounds, as for example
zh, they left behind them as far as we know altogether.
The fact that we find in Albanian the Greek and Latin
sounds com me proves t general identity of the modern
with the ancient Greek pronunciation to something very like
To proceed to the grammar. The first thing that strikes
us is the preservation in Albanian of the infinitive endings
"at, bat, and corresponding to the Latin substantive
terminations en-i or en-e, and men-i or men-e : cf. pecten-e,
nomen-e, specimen-e, In Albanian we have these sub-
stantive endings, as in Greek, but the infinitive mood is
expressed not by a case-ending or suffix, but a separate
prefixed ; e. g.
The termination -ovpovv slightly varied actually appears in
Albanian as a substantive ending, e. g. —
praedicatio. Albanian gives us again the transition
between -p' and w, in the form —
Albanian preserves the ablative termination l, which it uses
for the genitive case ; e. g.
Explanation : — in(de) diebus roö imprålov — imperatoris He-
rodis, with Greek termination "-s for -or.