Resuscitation Of Adults
ASSESS THE SITUATION
Make sure that you, any bystanders and the child are safe and consider
NB M fire is present, activate the fire alarm immediately.
If any hazards are present. consider neutralising or containing them
Only consider removing the casualty if you cannot neutralise any hazard(s).
IS THE CASUALTY BREATHING?
ASSESS FOR BREATHING
01. LOOK for the rise and fall of the chest. (Fig f)
02. LISTEN for sounds of breathing, near to the face.
03, FEEL for breathe on your Cheek.
04. Carry this out for up to 10 seconds.
If normal breathing is present go Straight to the Unconscious
If the casualty is not breathing normally, call for the Emergency
Medical Services (EMS) or ask for people nearby to call, when
calling ask for a defibrillator if it is available. Commence full
Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).
A O Safety First Aid Group Ltd 2011
CHECK WHETHER THE CASUALTY IS CONSCIOUS
01, Ask ' •Open your eyes if you Can hear and their name if
oz Ask in both the casualty'S ears to open their
03, Shake casualty'S Shoulders.
04. DO NOT move the casualty unless the environment or situation is
"Open your eyes if
you hear me?"
6. RECOVERY POSITION
THE RECOVERY POSITION
The recovery position is used when a casualty is unconscious and breathing.
The recovery position allows the head be placed tilted back and down This
stops the tongue from blocking the airway and will allow any vomit and fluid to
drain from the mouth.
IF THE CASUALTY Is BREATHING NORMALLY, TURN INTO THE
CALL FOR HELP
If alone call for help. If someone responds to your call ask them to stay with
you whilst you assess the Airway and Breathing. One of should wait with
the casualty whilst the other calls the emergency medical services (EMS)_
NB M no-one responds, do not leave the casualty but go on to assess
the airway and breathing.
CALLING THE EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
FOR AN UNRESPONSIVE CASUALTY
OPEN THE AIRWAY
01. Look in the mouth to ensure there
are no Obvious obstructions.
02. Open the airway by lifting the Chin
and tilting the head back. This will
free the tongue from the back Of
01, Check for any Other Obvious injuries.
02. Remove sharp objects from pockets.
03. Turn the casualty into tho recovery
04. Place the nearest arm at a
right angle to the body. (Fig
05, Draw the furthest arm
the chest and place the back
Of the hand the Cheek.
06. Keep this here whilst you
raise the furthest leg by
grasping the top Of the knee.
07, Gently pull on the knee so
that the casualty pivots
onto their side facing you. (Fig 3)
08. The casualty Should be fully
over and stable.
09. Re-check the airway,
breathing and circulation.
10, Draw up the leg ata go
degree angle. (Fig 4)
11. Check for continued
12. Send someone to ring 999
112 if you are alone, leave
the casualty and call 999/ 112.
IF THE CASUALTY IS UNRESPONSIVE AND NOT BREATHING
01 , Commence Resuscitation (CPR).
02. If you are alone, leave the casualty at this stage and call 999 / 112.
03. Return to the casualty and Commence CPR (Cardio pulmonary Resuscitation).
TO COMMENCE CPR:
FOR AN UNRESPONSIVE CASUAL ry
01. Ensure the casualty is on a firm, flat surface.
02. Place the Of one hand on top Of the Other in the centre Of casualty'S
Chest. (Fig l)
. Compress the chest (up to a maximum depth of approximately 5-6cm) 30 times
at a rate Of 100-120 compressions per minute. The compressions and releases
Should take an equal Of time.
04. After 30 compressions, open the airway again using head tilt/chin lift.
05. Seal the nostrils With your thumb and forefinger _ 2'
06. BIOW Steadily into the mouth until you the Chest rise, 2 effective rescue
breaths in total. (Blow in for I second, 2 breaths within S seconds). (Fig 2)
07 _ Remove your mouth to the Side and let Chest fall. Inhale Some fresh air, When
breathing for the casualty.
08. Repeat so you have given 2 effective rescue breaths in total within S seconds.
o'. If Chest does not rise after the second breath, go back to 30 compressions
then try again with 2 breaths.
10. Return your hands to the correct position on tho chest and give a further 30
CONTINUE MTH CPR UNTIL
The casualty shows signs of recovery.
You become exhausted and unable to continue.
The situation changes and you are now in immediate danger.
An authorised person pronounces life extinct.
use a faceshie/d if one is available.
use an AEO (Automated External
Defibrillator) if available and follow prompts.
The information contained in the poster is for guidance only and should not be used as a substitute for recognised training.